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The History and Evolution of the Keto Diet


  • The History and Evolution of the Keto Diet

    The first mention
    1863 - William Banting
    1921 - the first use of the ketogenic diet for the treatment of epilepsy
    1927- Vilhjalmur Stefansson, a study of the Inuit tribe
    1951 - Alfred Pennington - Research for E. l. DuPont
    1950 - 60 "Metabolic syndrome" (R. Mackarness, H. Taller)
    1967 - The Stillman diet
    1972 - The Atkins Diet
    1975 - Walter L. Voegtlin "The Stone Age Diet "
    1978 - The Scarsdale diet
    1981 - Richard K. Bernstein
    1985 - Stanley Boyd Eaton and Melvin Konner «The Paleolithic diet"
    1992 - Update of the Atkins diet
    2002 - Dr. Loren Cordain "The Paleo Diet"
    2015 - Michael Mosley "The 5:2 diet"
    2017 - Aseem Malhotra "The Pioppi Diet"
    2017 - Tom Kerridge "The Dopamine Diet"
    2017- 2018 Extensive development of the keto diet, mass publication of books and research

    Carb-free diets or low-carb diets have been known to mankind for a long time. If we count from the very first representatives of the species, then humanity is almost 2.8 million years old, all this time the diet was dominated by animal food.

    Carbohydrates were also present, but only briefly, during the ripening of fruits and berries in the summer. On a systematic basis, grains began to enter the diet at best 10-12 thousand years ago, but only in those regions that were predisposed to agriculture.

    The predominance of animal food in the diet has made us physiologically what we are now - our gut size and the structure of the gastrointestinal tract is not designed for the digestion of plant food, but primarily adapted for the digestion of animal food.

    Members of the human species continued to eat plant food, as did their earliest ancestors, but as evolution progressed, the human digestive tract lost the ability to extract sufficient nutrients from most plants available in the natural environment.

    During the agricultural revolution, most of the plants that people eat today were discovered and improved through cultivation and selection, and thanks to this, plants can now cover most of the human nutritional needs.

    This revolution marked the beginning of agriculture, which allowed the cultivation of cereals, thereby greatly increasing the production of nutrients from plant sources (mostly in the form of starch); at the same time, cooking techniques were introduced that made cereals more edible.
    This gradually transformed human communities from eating almost exclusively meat to societies whose diets were mixed and consisted of meat and plants.

    The first mention

    The first documented mention of a low-carb diet dates back to 776 BC, which describes the diet of some athletes at the Olympic games-a minimum of carbohydrates and a lot of meat, as well as direct recommendations to avoid eating bread before performances.

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    1863 - William Banting

    In 1864, the first book on the treatment of obesity by William Banting was published in England, "Letter on Corpulence", dedicated to the effects of a carb-free diet. Coffin maker William Banting described in it his unsuccessful attempts to fight excess weight (more than 202 pounds at a height of 5'4) and the advice of doctor William Harvey, who helped him lose weight quickly.

    William Harvey was interested in the new idea for that time that in the human body starch (i.e. carbohydrates) turns into fat. The doctor's advice was to give up beer, sweets, potatoes, and replace them with protein and fat — fish and fatty meat. As a result, without starvation, Banting lost 46 pounds.

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    Banting's book was translated into many languages and its last 4th edition was published in more than 100,000 copies, which is exceptionally large for that time. Banting died at the age of 81 after successfully maintaining his weight for 19 years.

    The diet he promoted proved very popular so that in modern English "banting" means "low-carb diet". The fashion for such a diet has gone beyond the borders of England. The hero of Leo Tolstoy Vronsky ate only steaks before the race to achieve optimal weight.

    1921 - the first use of the ketogenic diet for the treatment of epilepsy

    But the first scientific report on this topic of the use of keto in the treatment of epilepsy dates back to 1921 when at a meeting of the American Association of physicians, the famous pediatrician Rawle Geyelin reported on the successful experience of treating patients with epilepsy with hunger.

    In the study, the duration of the fasting pause was 21 days, and some patients were able to achieve 100 percent success.

    When studying the mechanism of action of hunger, R. Wilder in 1921 suggested that the therapeutic effect is due to the state of ketosis appearing in the body.

    The author proposed his own diet with a high-fat content and a sharp restriction of proteins and carbohydrates, which ensures the development of biochemical changes in the body, corresponding to those during fasting, in order to maintain a high level of ketosis for a long time.

    In 1924, Russell Wilder developed the ketogenic diet (KD), and this method of treatment was successfully used in the 1930s and 1940s, due to the lack of effective anticonvulsants at that time (phenobarbital and bromides were used). In the late 30s of the last century, a phase of the rapid development of pharmacological directions in the treatment of epilepsy began, and interest in the ketogenic diet fell.

    1927 - Vilhjalmur Stefansson, the study of the Inuit tribe

    In 1926, a book by Clarence W Lieb was published about a very interesting study by Vilhjalmur Stefansson, who lived for 11 years with the Inuit Eskimos. All this time, he had been eating the traditional diet of the tribe — meat and fat alone.

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    Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canadian Arctic Expedition leader, Collinson Point, northern Alaska

    Clarence W Lieb, according to the ideas of the time, expected to find serious health problems in Stefansson, but during the survey, it turned out that he (as well as the entire tribe) is in excellent health!

    Later, Stefansson gave lectures about his experience, which caused a lot of laughter in the scientific community. To prove his point, he proposed an experiment - to spend a year under the supervision of doctors, eating only meat, fat, and offal. The result is described in the book "Good calories — bad calories" by Gary Taubes.

    According to the results of the experiment, W. S. McClellan and E. F F. Du Bois, the leading researchers of the New York Hospital Bellevue study, published a report in which they were surprised to find that there were no negative changes in the physiology of the subjects.

    1951 - Alfred Pennington - Research for E. l. DuPont

    In the late 40s of the 20th century, the medical department of the company E. l. DuPont faced a problem - mass obesity among the management staff. The company hired Dr. Alfred Pennington to find out why regular diets don't work.

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    Pennington switched DuPont executives to a high-protein, low-carb, high-fat diet without counting calories. Patients reported that they felt good, enjoyed their food, and never went hungry between meals. Of the 20 obese people he treated, all lost an average of 20 pounds each, in three and a half months.

    Dr. Alfred Pennington studied eating habits and the health of employees in several divisions of the company. In the early 1950s, he had developed a diet that actually worked, and it was very similar to what William Banting described almost a century ago. Based on this, Pennington formulated his theory.

    Its point was that the low-calorie diet didn't work because it didn't get rid of fat, because the bodies of obese people don't fully process carbs, and most of the carbs turn into fat. 1950-60 "Metabolic syndrome" (R. Mackarness, H. Taller)

    1967 - The Stillman diet

    The Stillman diet, also known as" Accelerated weight loss, " was created by Dr. Irwin Maxwell Stillman in 1967. This is essentially a simplified version of a low-carb, high-protein diet. Dr. Stillman was a doctor in New York City who developed this nutrition plan to help severely overweight people lose weight quickly.

    The basis of his philosophy was that by losing weight quickly, other organs, especially the heart, could function more easily and thus improve the overall health of the body. There are various dieting options that target specific groups, including teenagers, with increased carbohydrate intake.

    The diet includes eating unlimited amounts of poultry, seafood, lean meat, eggs, and low-fat cottage cheese. Foods that need to be prepared should be baked or boiled. Since all types of oil are prohibited, products cannot be fried. For variety, spices and seasonings without oil are allowed. Other prohibited foods include vegetables, fruits, carbohydrates, fats, oil, sugar, and alcohol.

    Meals are suggested to be divided into 6 small meals, during the day it is recommended to drink 8-10 glasses of water. You can also drink tea or coffee. This diet provides rapid weight loss through the introduction of the body into a state of "ketosis". It occurs when the body uses stored fat for energy, rather than using carbohydrates.

    This process causes acidic bodies called ketones to be released into the bloodstream. It is important to drink enough water so that ketones do not accumulate excessively in the bloodstream, which can lead to complications. The diet also fuels weight loss because it is high in protein, and requires more energy to break down protein than to break down carbohydrates, which ultimately contribute to metabolism.

    The Stillman diet shows rapid results. In fact, people lose between 5.5 pounds and 11 pounds in the first week, and then up to 2 kg in the week after that. However, the diet is very restrictive, and many people find it difficult to maintain it.

    One of the main problems with this diet is a lack of dietary fiber and accompanying digestive problems. Therefore, the main recommendation is the additional introduction of fiber into the diet through dietary supplements.

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    1972 - The Atkins Diet

    In his book "Dr. Atkins' Diet Revolution" Atkins put forward a thesis, unexpected at that time, that a low-carb diet provides a metabolic advantage for weight loss - since more calories are consumed for burning fat [than for burning carbohydrates], which means that the body loses more calories with this diet.

    He refers to a study that estimates this benefit at 950 calories per day. On the other hand, a review by Lancet journal states that there is no metabolic benefit, and people on this diet simply eat fewer calories due to depression.

    The Atkins diet restricts carbohydrate intake to switch metabolism from using glucose as an energy "fuel" to burning fat stored in the human body. This process, called ketosis (not to be confused with ketoacidosis, which has similar symptoms), is initiated by low insulin levels. In the normal state, the level of insulin is low when the blood glucose content is low (for example, before eating). With ketosis-lipolysis, excess lipids in the cells begin to gradually enter the blood and are used as a source of energy.

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    1975 - Walter L. Voegtlin "The Stone Age Diet"

    In 1975 Walter L. Voegtlin published a book - he came to his revelations after studying eating habits in the Paleolithic era, looking for a cure for irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, Crohn's disease. The diet of the ancient man seemed to have an adverse effect on conditions in which the condition of patients improved rapidly.

    His version of the diet was based on the fact that there had been no human genetic changes since the Paleolithic era. He confirmed that people should primarily eat fat, proteins with a small amount of carbohydrates.

    1978 - The Scarsdale diet

    This diet appeared almost 50 years ago. Its author is Dr. Herman Tarnower, a family doctor and cardiologist. This specialist's approach is still considered one of the most popular ways to lose weight among Americans.

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    The diet got its name from the city of Scarsdale - it was home to the Scarsdale medical Center, which Tarnower founded and where he worked to help obese Americans lose weight. The doctor began his research in the 70s of the XX century, and the theoretical foundations were outlined in the book "The Complete Scarsdale Medical Diet". The work was published in 1978 and became a bestseller. His fame has not faded - the book is still being reprinted and well-bought.

    The basic principles of this diet are low calorie, high protein, low carbohydrates, and fat. The nutritional content of the diet is as follows: 43% protein, 22.5% fat, 34.5% carbohydrates. This proportion allows you to lose weight and not suffer from hunger. The caloric content of the diet is very low - 1000 kcal. Therefore, the time of the diet is limited - it should be observed for no more than two weeks.

    1981 - Richard K. Bernstein

    Richard Bernstein started his career as an electrical engineer, worked successfully, and quickly rose through the ranks. However, in 1969, he began to suffer from serious health problems, complications related to diabetes became noticeable, and he once almost died of hypoglycemia. It became clear to him that it was vital to ensure better blood sugar control.

    And sugar in diabetics at that time was measured only twice a year, when they were periodically examined by a doctor, or if they were admitted to the hospital with complications.

    Dr. Bernstein was the first person to use a blood glucose meter at home. Blood glucose meters were then sold only to doctors, and they were very expensive, so Richard asked his wife, who worked as a doctor, to order the device.

    He measured his sugar several times a day, trying to determine what was affecting the fluctuations. As a result of his observations, he came to the justification for using a low-carb, high-fat diet to ensure normal blood sugar levels in diabetics, since only small fluctuations in glucose can accurately calculate the necessary dose of insulin.

    If there is too much insulin — the sugar is too low — there is a danger of hypoglycemic coma, if, for fear of hypoglycemia, minimize the amount of insulin, the probability of diabetic coma will drop sharply, but the average blood sugar level will be too high, which causes complications over time.

    Serious complications — blindness, rapid development of atherosclerosis, impaired kidney function. Usually, because of this, diabetics do not live long. Doctors quite logically consider a more distant danger in time to be less significant. After reaching stable blood sugar, Bernstein's health improved markedly. Dr. Bernstein became the first person in the world to reverse the complications of diabetes.

    Bernstein wanted to publish the results of his observations in a medical journal, but the medical community was against it (who is he?). Therefore, at the age of 43, Bernstein entered medical school, trained as an endocrinologist, and began working as a doctor who treats diabetics and people with metabolic syndrome.

    He is now over 80, and he is not only alive but still working. Not all of Dr. Bernstein's generation of category 1 diabetics are alive today. According to statistics, the life expectancy of diabetic men is 11 years less than the average. Richard Bernstein is the author of 6 books on how to control diabetes.

    His book "Dr. Bernstein's Diabetes Solution: The Complete Guide to Achieving Normal Blood Sugars" is known to experts all over the world, is in every public library in America, and is even available on the Internet

    However, standard medicine's recommendations remain from the era of the war on fat, and most dieting guidelines for diabetics begin with the words "Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in the body." After all, diabetics have an increased risk of heart disease, "everyone knows that fat is harmful", so let them eat beans and oatmeal as a source of proteins, and inject more insulin.

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    1985 - Stanley Boyd Eaton and Melvin Konner "The Paleolithic diet"

    Scientists from Emory University in Atlanta, Stanley Eaton and Melvin Konner, in 1985, continued the ideas of Walter L. Voegtlin and published an article entitled "Paleolithic nutrition". They calculated that in the stone age, the human diet consisted of 34% protein, 45% carbohydrates, and 21% fat.

    For comparison, the modern diet of poles has much less protein (18.2%), about the same amount of carbohydrates (46%) and more fat (32%).

    Our cave ancestors, compared to modern inhabitants of Poland, consumed three times more fiber and five times more vitamin C. Their food, as Loren Cordain, Stanley Eaton, and Melvin Konner prove, contained the optimal (from the point of view of the evolution of our body) amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6, potassium and sodium, and also had a low glycemic index.

    As proof of their theses, scientists cite the results of studies that have shown that compliance with the paleo diet not only helps to lose weight but also contributes to the normalization of blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

    1992 - Update of the Atkins Diet

    In 1992, an updated book "Dr. Atkins' New Diet Revolution" was published. What does the old version of the diet have in common with the new one?

    The same list of prohibited foods with a high carbohydrate content for all phases of the diet phase: bread, pasta, rice, fruit (except olives, avocado, and some tomatoes), fruit juices (except lemon or lime juice), and all other foods rich in sugar. Beans and legumes are also not included in the list.

    Both versions also prohibit alcohol in the initial stage of the diet and completely prohibit processed foods, flour products, and sweet carbonated beverages.

    The main difference between the diet options is the amount of pure carbohydrates allowed during the first stage of induction. In the old version of the Atkins diet, the consumption of carbohydrates is sharply reduced and at the first stage, the limit was set — to consume less than 5 g of carbohydrates. In the new version of the Atkins diet, it is allowed to consume 0.70 oz of pure carbohydrates.

    But for modern America, where residents on average consume 1.41 oz of carbohydrates per meal, and therefore can easily exceed 5.29 oz per day, 0.77 oz is a very serious restriction. Moreover, these carbohydrates cannot be consumed through sweets and starchy foods - only from permitted green vegetables, i.e. "good carbohydrates".

    After all, his diet required a complete detox from carbohydrates. The idea was to put the body in a state of ketosis, although the new version of his diet does not mention this anywhere. Most likely, this is due to the fact that in the public consciousness the word "ketosis" has negative connotations, and many are confused with "ketoacidosis", with which it has nothing to do. Thus, in the new version, the authors of the diet avoid using this word with the letter "K".

    Thus, the main difference in the two versions of diets is how the first stage of the diet will pass and how many people will lose pounds. The new option provides less rapid weight loss, but more comfortable entry into the new way of eating.

    2002 - Loren Cordain "Paleo diet"

    Loren Cordain is an American scientist, doctor of science, nutritionist, specializing in the study of the diet of ancient people, also researching the physiology of sports exercise. He is considered the creator of the paleo movement and is the main advocate of the Paleolithic diet in modern times. Books written by the scientist are now published in different countries in large numbers, and their main readers are cross-fitters.

    As a student, Cordain tried to determine the optimal nutrition plan that would allow him and the athletic team at his high school to get in good shape. According to Cordain, in the late 60s, student-athletes were concerned with the same questions about nutrition as they are today: what nutrition system will make an athlete healthier and what to eat to achieve optimal performance of the body.

    And everyone was talking about the undeniable benefits of a vegetarian diet. The theory was that the more carbohydrates, the more strength, and animal proteins clog the body, so they should be excluded.

    Loren Cordain himself had long believed in vegetarianism, which did not suit him. As a student, he was often injured in training and was ill. Now he attributes this to a lack of protein in the food. Many years later, Cordain read an article by the physician Boyd Eaton about the Paleolithic diet, that is, the diet of ancient people. He immediately realized that it described something important historically and practically.

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    After conducting various studies, some doctors agreed with the theory of Loren Cordain. They found that there are few chronic diseases in the world in which the patient's body does not respond to the paleo diet with improvement. Hypertension, high cholesterol, heart disease, and other diseases recede with this nutritional system. Today, the therapeutic effect of the modern paleo diet on the body continues to be studied.

    The main principle of this paleo diet is a diet based on minimal consumption of foods containing a large amount of carbohydrates because it is animal proteins that speed up metabolism and contribute to weight loss.

    The human diet during the Paleolithic period (that is, how to eat to observe the paleo diet) consisted of fresh fruits, vegetables and berries (of course, in those days, they did not even know that they could be canned); nuts and seeds; various spices; wild fish and seafood; meat of wild animals and birds; mushrooms (they were harvested by women pickers in those days); meat of domestic animals (at that time, those animals that were hunted by people did not even know about all sorts of compound feeds containing special impurities, that is, animals should be grown only on herbs).

    2015 - Michael Mosley "The 5:2 diet"

    The author of the 5:2 diet is a well-known British TV journalist Michael Mosley. As a doctor by training, he took part in an experiment on the effect of fasting on the duration and quality of life, as a result of which he became so interested in this issue that he developed his own method of losing weight.

    In the simplicity and effectiveness of this method, he was convinced by his personal experience, quickly bringing his own weight back to normal with its help. The diet quickly became popular, it is actively used by many stars of show business and politics.

    Moreover, the menu of many prestigious restaurants has become fashionable to include dishes made according to the 5:2 system. The 5:2 diet of Michael Mosley, as the name of the method suggests, carries the name of the author and the principle of the method - 5 and 2.

    This means that five days are spent in the usual diet, without limiting or reducing the caloric content of products, and two days a week are off-loading. Moreover, these days do not consist of traditional hungry mono-diet on apples:

    During fasting days, the food is full and balanced, but the number of calories consumed is reduced by 4 times. For women, the daily caloric content should not exceed 500 kcal, men are allowed to consume up to 600 kcal.

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    2017 - Aseem Malhotra "The Pioppi Diet"

    Aseem Malhotra is a leading adviser to the National Forum on Obesity and a member of the board of trustees of "The King's Fund's" think tank, a campaign designed to identify dietary health problems. He claims that the key to longevity lies in giving up sugar. The British cardiologist is confident that with his sound approach to nutrition will outlive many of today's living people.

    Malhotra strongly believes that sugar is the leading cause of death in the Western world, so he calls for taxing companies that 'generously saturate their products with refined sugar'.

    According to Malhotra, sugar should be feared not only because it leads to obesity, but also because it increases the risk of developing many chronic diseases, starting with type 2 diabetes and ending with serious disorders of the cardiovascular system.

    Overtime (because of sugar), the body becomes more resistant to the action of insulin, not only does this portend type 2 diabetes, it is known that resistance to insulin is directly associated with the development of Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia. Malhotra not only follows the nutrition program he developed but also advises all his patients to follow his example.

    He explains that people should avoid processed cereals in the morning because they contain a huge amount of sugar. He prefers an omelet that contains fat and protein, or oatmeal that helps sugar be absorbed into the bloodstream slowly. A few added berries provide him with a lot of antioxidants, such as vitamin C.

    However, why did Malhotra, in addition to sugar, which he considers toxic, decide to abstain from carbohydrates? According to a new study, foods with a high glycemic index, including, air rice, corn flakes, white bread, bagels, increase the risk of developing lung cancer, even if a person has never smoked.

    The glycemic index is an indicator of the effect of food after consumption on blood sugar levels. Scientists at MD Anderson Cancer Center say that 12% of the total number of lung cancer deaths have never smoked.

    According to the current theory, a diet based on foods with a high glycemic index leads to an increase in blood glucose and insulin levels. Previously, it was found that an increase in IGF (IGF — insulin-like growth factor) levels is associated with an increased risk of developing lung cancer.

    2017 - Tom Kerridge "The Dopamine Diet"

    Experts from the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Сenter believe that people who eat late at night tend to choose high-calorie foods that the body does not need, and which, as a result, leads to an increase in body weight.

    Hunger attacks can occur at different times of the day — at 10 AM, you may have an irresistible desire to eat something salty, and at 3 PM — sweet. These unhealthy outbursts of appetite result in the consumption of more food than usual.

    Hunger attacks can be effectively managed with the help of a well-chosen diet while speeding up the process of getting rid of extra pounds — a diet that regulates the levels of dopamine in the body. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter released in the body against the background of pleasant sensations, including when eating.

    Many of us crave a cup of morning coffee for a daily energetic start, however, the caffeine contained in coffee not only increases energy levels but also causes a pleasant sensation, accompanied by the release of a large amount of dopamine in the body. Long breaks in food intake during the day contribute to a significant decrease in dopamine levels, which leads to the occurrence of hunger attacks.

    A significant improvement in well-being after quenching an impulsive hunger further programs the mind to search for a source of pleasure and sends corresponding impulses aimed at repeating this action. With a sharp decrease in dopamine levels in the body, signals are sent to the brain to immediately search for and eat food.

    Unfortunately, most foods with which a person experiences acute attacks of hunger are refined carbohydrates, which contribute to the formation and consolidation of unhealthy eating behavior and the development of obesity.

    Low levels of dopamine inhibit dopamine receptors and contribute to loss of control over diet and food choices. When the dopamine level is depleted, hunger attacks are repeated, because the body needs to stabilize the level of neurotransmitters to actively prevent uncontrolled food consumption.

    According to experts, a positive psychoemotional state associated with eating sweets, sugar, and carbohydrates turns on a trigger neural network in the brain that motivates receiving "rewards" and is difficult to destroy.

    The findings, published in Nutrition & Metabolism, confirm the concept that dopamine plays a significant role in the formation of impulsive hunger and directly affects changes in body weight. Dopamine-induced eating behavior is associated with a compensatory response to low dopamine levels that promotes overeating after a long break in meals.

    To put an end to nighttime walks to the refrigerator, Bryce Wylde, a world-famous alternative health expert and author of his latest acclaimed book "Wylde on Health: Your Best Choices in the World of Natural Health", recommends a "dopamine diet" that can not only curb hunger but also speed up the process of losing weight.

    The higher the level of dopamine, the more effective the reduction of body weight when using the "right" products. The first step in the fight against hunger attacks and uncontrolled eating should be regular nutrition. Regular consumption of healthy food ensures stable levels of dopamine in the body.

    To effectively stabilize dopamine levels, Dr. Wylde suggests eating foods whose ingredients contain tyrosine. This substance is a precursor of dopamine in the body and is able to prevent declines and rises in its level, causing a state of fatigue and irritation when it is not possible to satisfy impulsive hunger.

    Foods that can naturally suppress hunger include the following: beans; duck and chicken meat; green soy beans; oatmeal; wheat germ; Sarepta mustard; sea cabbage; cottage cheese; chocolate.

    According to experts, green soybeans contain high concentrations of tyrosine, contributing to effective control of hunger.

    For a successful start of the "dopamine diet", it is recommended to include the following products in three meals a day (including desserts): breakfast — oat flakes with wheat germ and raspberries; lunch — a salad of Sarepta mustard leaves with turkey meat; dinner — duck meat and bean puree; dessert — toast with cottage cheese and black currant.

    2017-2020 Extensive development of the keto diet, mass publication of books and research

    In 2017-2020, there is a surge in the popularity of the keto diet with the release of a large amount of literature on this topic.

    A lot of research on this topic is being organized, including laboratory tests of the effect of a long-term keto diet on the human body. If you have read up to this point and you are interested in reading about research, then write in the comments, we will prepare an article about it.


    Thus, we see that low-carb diets have their own history of development, a lot of followers, and a huge amount of practical scientific material that can be used.

    One of the main problems in dietetics at the present time is the "avoiding" fat in the diet, despite the fact that numerous studies confirm the improvement of the overall state of the body in people who followed a long time low-carb diets with high-fat content.

    Undoubtedly, one or another version of a low-carb diet should be in the arsenal of any dietitian or nutritionist. The most important thing is to use all the advantages that this approach can give while minimizing possible difficulties.

    The history of opposing recommendations to eat a low-fat diet and recommendations to return to a diet close to the one on which man evolved continues to this day. Too many reputations will suffer, too much will have to be changed to turn the dietary advice 180 degrees.

    Probably, such large-scale changes are not made overnight. But it still makes no sense to wait until all the medical bureaucrats react to the information that the advice to reduce fat in the diet, to put it mildly, does not work, to put it bluntly — works the opposite, until all the proponents of the idea that you should eat like gorillas, swallow their self-esteem and admit that they made a mistake or die.

    Everyone can try to change their diet for at least 3 weeks, and see what happens. It is quite possible that the result will only be a pleasant surprise.

    Please feel free to leave your comments below and ask any questions or share your thoughts and ideas.
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    • The Keto Diet - a Diet for Longevity? What Science Says
      by Deborah Carbine

      For nearly a hundred years, scientists have been researching a method to slow down aging by reducing dietary calorie intake.

      Experiments on a variety of organisms, from yeast to rhesus monkeys, have shown that life expectancy can be increased if energy consumption is reduced by 10–30%.

      The mechanisms of this phenomenon are still under discussion, but it seems that it is based on a shift in metabolic processes from carbohydrate metabolism
      02-21-2021, 02:17 PM
    • For the First Time, the WHO Recommended Physical Activity for Those Who Sit a Lot
      by Deborah Carbine

      A sedentary lifestyle, compounded by the pandemic's quarantine, increases the likelihood of premature death. However, this harm to health can be compensated for by increased physical activity, experts from the World Health Organization write.

      The advice to lead a more active lifestyle and spend more time on exercise to maintain health is hardly a medical breakthrough, but this is the first time such advice is being made at the level of the World Health Organization.
      02-21-2021, 08:42 AM
    • Propolis (Bee Glue): Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antiviral and Antioxidant Properties
      by Deborah Carbine

      Bee glue (PROPOLIS) has been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times. In modern scientific medicine, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, antileishmanial, immuno-modulating, and other properties of propolis have been determined.

      Due to these properties, propolis dosage forms have been successfully used in the treatment of burn wounds, otitis media, Peyronie's disease, lung diseases, viral diseases of the genitourinary
      02-20-2021, 09:12 PM
    • Emanuel Revici - a 101-year-old Doctor Who Cured Cancer and Other Serious Incurable Diseases
      by Antony Convey

      Emanuel Revici, MD, was born in 1898 and died in 1998 at the age of 101

      Since then, as doctors learned to separate the symptoms of cancer from the manifestations of other diseases, it is perceived as perhaps the most formidable disease for people.

      Although medicine is constantly evolving, and oncology also has its own achievements, the methods of chemotherapy and radiation therapy used in medical institutions do not help everyone.

      02-20-2021, 12:13 PM
    • Bowel Movement on Keto: Everything You Need to Know About Defecation When You Are on a Low-Carb, High-Fat Diet
      by Antony Convey

      It is tempting to hide in this text behind jokes like “shit happens” and “princesses don't poop”. But if you ignore the topic of bowel movements, then you can skip serious health problems.

      Let's not be prudes! We suggest learning how to read about the health of the body by color, consistency, and other distinctive features of feces.

      How often do you poop?
      02-15-2021, 09:31 AM
    • Vitamins for Maintaining Muscle Mass and Muscle Function in the Elderly
      by Antony Convey

      Muscle mass begins to decline after age 30 at a rate of 3% per decade. It seems to be a trifle and at this age is completely invisible. After 50, muscle loss is about 1% of skeletal muscle mass each year and upon reaching the age of 60, this process accelerates significantly.

      Even more annoying, there is less muscle and more fatty tissue. Between the ages of 30 and 60, the average person annually loses 0.5 lbs (0.23 kg) of muscle and instead
      02-09-2021, 08:30 AM
    • The Main Reasons for Weight Gain and Obesity. How to Start Losing Weight Properly
      by Antony Convey

      How we get used to things that don't work

      We are taught that the main reasons for being overweight are a lot of food and little exercise. And this is not to mention the allegedly weak willpower! But it's not that simple. Because if this mantra worked flawlessly, then there would be no more problem of excess weight, right? After all, everyone who is overweight, at least once, tried to follow this advice!

      Now it is more fashionable
      02-05-2021, 08:27 AM
    • Top 8 Myths About Immunity
      by Antony Convey

      The very concept of "immunity" was born in the 19th century thanks to the French microbiologist Louis Pasteur and the Russian scientist I. Mechnikov.

      At first, however, immunity was understood as the body's immunity to infectious diseases.

      But already from the middle of the 20th century, as a result of research work, it was proved that immunity protects the body not only from microbes but also from any other genetically foreign
      02-04-2021, 09:20 AM
    • A History of the Study of Life Extension Products
      by David Glick

      Life extension is a problem of all times and peoples.

      In evolution, this problem appears namely in humans. Realizing the immortality of living nature due to the reproduction of mortal organisms and possessing the instinct of self-preservation and survival, man has always tried to resolve this contradiction between life and death.

      Mankind in all epochs has shown a heightened interest in the means of preserving youth, health, and achieving
      02-01-2021, 05:04 PM
    • What Fruits Can I Eat on the Keto Diet?
      by Antony Convey

      Let's take a look at the most painful keto question - can we eat fruit on the ketogenic diet?

      On keto, we avoid fruits and allow ourselves a small amount of berries. No keto rule raises so many questions and protests. “Fruits are vitamins! We have eaten them from time immemorial!

      What about antioxidants, flavonoids, and other beneficial substances? Microbiota! What does it eat? " - beginners are lost. “Fruits contain fructose, and fructose
      02-01-2021, 02:55 PM



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