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Fat Chance: the most interesting part of the famous lecture by Robert Lustig


  • Fat Chance: the most interesting part of the famous lecture by Robert Lustig

    Robert Lustig, a professor at the University of California, San Francisco, is probably the most popular American doctor after the legendary Dr. House (and, unlike the latter, quite real). His popular lectures called "Sugar: the bitter truth" and "Fat chance: fructose 2.0" on YouTube were viewed by millions of people. Let's start at the end.

    In " Fat chance” Lustig explains why low-fat foods and books about healthy eating provoke obesity and what role food industry players play in this. This year, Lustig's University colleagues published a large-scale analysis of the food market, which answers the question of what actually underlies the epidemic of diabetes and obesity.

    Lustig himself is waging a long-term war on delusions. He argues that modern ideas about health and healthy eating are based on false ideas and harmful laws, often lobbied by food companies. This is not a conspiracy theory: Professor Lustig proves every idea with the data of large-scale national and international research in his hands.

    Planetary problem

    There are 30 percent more obese people in the world than there are hungry people.

    Click on the image to see Video:
    Sugar - The Bitter Truth

    Five percent of the world's population (366 million people) already have diabetes, especially the rapid growth of the epidemic in the last 15 years.

    Obesity is becoming a national problem in countries where there is a problem of hunger. The level of childhood obesity is growing especially fast. This is happening in the US and Japan, and in all developing countries.

    Diabetes treatment in 2012 cost the US budget $245 billion – this amount has grown by 41 percent in just five years. By 2030, almost half of Americans (42 percent) will be obese. Three-quarters of the total health budget is spent on treating complications or consequences of metabolic syndrome. If we could at least slow down the diabetes epidemic, we wouldn't need health care reform or budget sequestration.

    Metabolic syndrome is not just a problem for overweight people. Metabolic syndrome is an unhealthy metabolism that leads to fatal diseases like heart attacks, diabetes, and even cancer. It is not only found in people who are overweight: 40 out of 70 percent of people with normal weight, doctors diagnose metabolic disorders that are characteristic of obesity. That is, if a person does not look fat, it does not mean that he does not have the diseases characteristic of fat people.

    What leads to obesity: the main myth

    The law of conservation of energy states that all the calories (energy) that we consume must be spent, otherwise they will be stored in the body as fat. Common sense suggests that to be healthy, "you need to eat less" and move more.

    Click on the image to see Video:
    Fat Chance: Fructose 2.0

    From all this, the main false conclusion follows: you either eat less or spend more and if you do not, no one is to blame for you. All responsibility falls on the person, that is, the consumer, that is, the victim. Lustig has waged a long-standing Holy war against this approach.

    First, not all calories are equally useful; they are digested and stored differently from different foods. In this sense, sweet food is much more dangerous than fatty food.

    Secondly, it is proved that physical activity almost does not help to lose weight. Of course, physical activity helps to gain muscle mass and is generally good for health, but they do not change or almost do not change the number on the scales.

    Third, not all fat is equally harmful to health: subcutaneous fat does not provoke problems with metabolism and does not increase the risk of dangerous diseases.

    Perhaps the so-called cellulite does not look very good, but there is definitely no harm to health from it. In turn, visceral (interior) fat may not be visible to the naked eye at all, but it envelops the heart, liver, and other vital organs, posing a real threat.

    People started eating more. The average calorie content of a Burger has tripled over the past 25 years, from 210 kcal to 618 kcal. Men today on average eat 187 kcal more per day than 25 years ago, women – 335 kcal, and adolescent boys-275 kcal. But why? A person is prone to overeating not because of general unrestrainedness, but because of severe biochemical disorders, which, in turn, leads to the pressure of the surrounding world.

    A worldwide legal drug

    Popular literature about healthy eating teaches us that fast food is harmful because it is high in salt, fat, and sugar. In fact, the brain simply does not have mechanisms for getting used to fat or salt, but sugar works on the same principle as strong drugs.

    Moreover, the reward system in the brain is designed in such a way that, while developing an addiction to one drug, a person simultaneously develops an addiction to others, which he has never seen in his life, but which trigger the same biochemical processes. Conclusion: a person accustomed to sweets from childhood is already predisposed to alcoholism and drug addiction.

    However, today, sugary drinks are advertised as healthy and healthy, "glucose is necessary for the brain", and in "light" products, the lack of fat is generously compensated by sugar. Sugar is used to caramelize and color even food that does not have a sweet taste (fried meat, for example). Therefore, fructose consumption has increased fivefold in half a century.

    In the ranking of products that cause obesity, the first two places are occupied by chips and French fries. Among drinks, sweetened lemonades, sodas, and juices are leading by a large margin.

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    If you look at a map of the United States, you can see a clear correlation between the level of obesity in different States, the level of diabetes, heart disease, and-attention – soda consumption per capita.

    Global consumption of sugar and sugar crops has tripled over the past 50 years. Brazil is the leader here, formerly a poor country that produced sugar for export, which most locals could not afford. In the XX century, sugar fell in price, Brazil became rich and became a leader among consumers.

    If you look at the global spread of diabetes, the biggest problems with this disease are not even in North America, but in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, the UAE, and Malaysia.

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    Why are there more diabetics there?

    It's about climate and culture: on the one hand, heat, on the other, alcohol is forbidden. Accordingly, everyone drinks cold sweet lemonade. In some ways, alcohol is safer than lemonade, because everyone has a limit on alcohol consumption (more than which they can't drink), but soda can be drunk in liters.

    Scientists from UCSFanalyzed data from the world food organization, the International Diabetes Federation, and the World Bank for 204 countries to get a complete picture of the Economics of nutrition and diabetes.

    In just seven years, from 2000 to 2007, the global diabetes rate rose from 5.5 percent to 7 percent. Of all the various factors, sugar and other carbohydrate-rich foods play a direct role.

    Calorie content, interestingly, is not so important in itself: if you eat 150 kilocalories more per day, the probability of diabetes increases by only 0.1 percent. However, if you get these 150 calories with the help of sweet soda, the probability of getting the disease increases by 11 times. About a quarter of all diabetes cases in the world are caused not by heredity, not by abstract malnutrition or overeating, but entirely and exclusively by sugar.

    Conclusion: to stop the epidemic of diabetes, it is only necessary to limit sugar consumption, as access to any other drugs is restricted.

    Sugar addiction - the engine of trade

    Where does a modern man get sugar from? We drink about a third with sugary drinks, eat a sixth in desserts, and about half of the sugar is hidden in food that doesn't have to be sweet – in sauces, bread, pasta, and almost all industrial food.

    In 1990, the American food industry lobbied for new rules from the FDA (American food and drug control Commission), according to which manufacturers are not required to write the amount of added sugar on the packaging.

    Companies are motivated by the fact that this way they would disclose the recipe, that is, the secret of the company. Until now, the law allows you not to specify the amount of added sugar. 80 percent of products sold in supermarkets contain added sugar. Sugar is the engine of trade. Because sugar has a narcotic effect, it makes us buy and eat more.

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    Over the past 30 years, the average consumer has spent noticeably (5-10 percent) less money on meat and dairy products and doubled their spending on processed food and sweets.

    The few companies whose shares and revenues continued to grow despite the 2008 crisis are McDonald's, Coca-Cola, and Pepsi. Because they have a formula for success that allows them to sell more every year. And the average person is simply defenseless because they do not realize how deeply they are hooked on sugar. And the government, even in developed countries, is doing nothing to curb sugar addiction and the rapidly growing epidemic of related diseases.

    Two sugary drinks a day double the risk of diabetes

    The more sugary drinks you drink, the higher the risk of getting diabetes – these are the results of a new study published recently by scientists from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.

    Researchers analyzed data on the consumption of sugary carbonated drinks from a sample of 2,847 Swedish adults and compared them with data on the incidence of diabetes. The study found that among those who drank at least two servings of 200 ml of sugary drinks daily, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes was 2.4 times higher compared to those who did not drink sugary drinks at all.

    Consumption of at least 5 servings (i.e. one liter) of Cola and other lemonades per day increased the risk of diabetes by 10.5 times.

    A similar relationship was found with a special form of diabetes – latent autoimmune diabetes in adults, or LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults). This disease is often called " type 1.5 diabetes” because it combines the signs of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It is estimated that approximately 10% of adult diabetes cases are of the LADA type.

    A Swedish study has shown for the first time how this disease can be linked to sugary drinks.

    The values indicated in the study - from 400 to 1000 ml per day – are quite common consumption, and it is not difficult to achieve this level. For example, McDonald's restaurants offer 500 and 800 ml drinks, while Burger king restaurants lure customers with a “drink as much as you want, for free " promotion. That is, you can drink so much Cola to increase your risk of diabetes several times, just by eating daily at fast-food restaurants.

    For those who choose the “light” version of drinks, the results of the study by Swedish scientists are just as disappointing – the consumption of soft drinks containing artificial sweeteners (usually used aspartame) leads to the same results as the consumption of sodas with sugar.

    Scientists suggest that all types of sweet soft drinks negatively affect the body's sensitivity to insulin and contribute to obesity, which in turn increases the risk of diabetes. Sugar from regular sodas leads to peak insulin emissions and increased levels of inflammation in the body.

    "Light" versions of drinks can cause insulin resistance due to the negative effect of synthetic sweeteners on the intestinal microflora. In addition, sugary drinks with non-caloric sweeteners can increase appetite and provoke overeating.

    This is not the first study to warn of the negative health effects of sugary drinks. For example, a study published in 2013 showed a strong link between the level of consumption of soft drinks and the spread of obesity, diabetes, and metabolic diseases in 75 countries around the world.

    The conclusion from all these studies is quite simple: the best soft drink is water. It doesn't matter whether it's with or without gas, as long as it's free of sugar, aspartame, and other artificial sweeteners.

    This conclusion is especially important for parents. Children are easily " hooked” on sugary drinks and, the longer the experience of their consumption, the higher the risk of developing chronic diseases in adulthood.
    Last edited by Gary Keitel; 04-29-2020, 09:32 PM.

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