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Low Hemoglobin: Symptoms, Causes, and How to Increase

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  • Low Hemoglobin: Symptoms, Causes, and How to Increase


    Low hemoglobin is an indicator of a lack of elements such as iron and protein in red blood cells throughout the body of a person of any age.

    At the same time, a person begins to feel weakness, dizziness, a decrease in blood pressure, and in some cases there are headaches. In advanced cases, this disease is accompanied by loss of consciousness.



    Content
    1. Norma hemoglobin in the human body
    2. Symptoms of low hemoglobin
    3. Low hemoglobin causes and consequences
    3.1. Causes of low hemoglobin in women
    3.2. Low hemoglobin in men
    3.3. Low hemoglobin in newborns
    3.4. Low hemoglobin in a child of preschool and school age
    4. What role does iron play in low hemoglobin
    5. Medication for low hemoglobin
    6. Total




    The norm of hemoglobin in the human body

    To determine the exact indicator of the amount of hemoglobin, you must first pass a general blood test. During normal operation of the body, the level of hemoglobin varies from 12g to 16g per dL (hemoglobin is measured in grams per deciliter (g/dL) of blood).

    For certain diseases and inflammations, these indicators change depending on the disease itself and the age of the person.




    The norm of hemoglobin for a woman is 12-15 g/dL. The value of hemoglobin may depend on hormonal changes in the woman's body, as well as how abundant menstrual secretions are.



    The norm of hemoglobin for men is 13-16 g/dL.



    The normal hemoglobin for a child:
    Age, years Norm in grams per deciliter
    Children under 1 year old 10 — 14
    Children 1 to 6 years old 11 — 14,5
    Children 6 to 16 years old 11,5 — 15



    The norm of hemoglobin for pregnant women is 11-14 g/dL. During pregnancy, women's hemoglobin rate may be reduced, this is due to the fact that the body begins to use more iron.




    Symptoms of low hemoglobin

    A slightly or globally lowered hemoglobin level is manifested both externally and for health reasons. The main and main signs in the state of health of an insufficient amount of Fe (iron) in the biological fluid are:
    • causeless state of drowsiness and fatigue
    • impaired vision and impaired bowel function
    • the appearance of shortness of breath and muscle weakness
    • uncharacteristic rapid asthenicity (fatigue)
    • low blood pressure (hypotension)
    • taste changes accompanied by a desire to eat inedible things in the form of chalk, clay, sand, raw meat, dough, etc.
    • changes in the sense of smell in the form of a desire to smell acetone, paint, and other unpleasant odors
    • unpleasant sensations in the groin area – itching, burning



    Low hemoglobin symptoms

    In addition to the sensations and health conditions that a person with low hemoglobin suffers, this disease also manifests itself in appearance:
    • hair loss (the norm is 50-120 hairs a day) and a sharp deterioration of their condition: fading, brittleness
    • dry, possibly yellowed skin
    • the appearance of cracks in the corners of the mouth
    • brittleness of nails
    With low hemoglobin in men, the erection worsens, if you do not pay attention and do not conduct treatment in time, this can lead to impotence.

    In women, however, there is a failure in the cycle (delays or vice versa), perhaps even the complete disappearance of menstruation and even at an early age.

    Important!! All signs of low hemoglobin may indicate the presence of another disease or simply a lack of various vitamins. Only a qualified doctor will tell the patient about this.





    Low hemoglobin causes and consequences

    Why does low hemoglobin haunt almost a third of the world's population? The main causes of this problem are poor, unbalanced nutrition, and certain types of diseases.




    Causes of low hemoglobin in women:
    • excessive presence of stressful situations
    • frequent diets or vegetarianism
    • hormonal failure of the thyroid gland
    • large blood loss (during operations, childbirth, menstruation)
    • presence of gastritis, intestinal or stomach ulcers and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
    • red blood cell death (in infectious and autoimmune diseases)
    • malignant blood disease



    Low hemoglobin in men:
    • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
    • lack of fresh air and excessive power loads
    • slagging of the body and poor absorption of essential vitamins and minerals
    • blood poisoning or onset of cancer
    • excessive blood loss or lack of time to restore the necessary amount of blood (for example, with frequent donation)




    Low hemoglobin in newborns:
    • premature removal of the placenta or possible rupture of the umbilical cord indicates a large loss of blood
    • incorrect shape (little or no spherical) of red blood cells leads to a rapid breakdown of hemoglobin-spherocytosis, inherited
    • in children who were born 1-2 months earlier, the bone marrow does not keep up with protein renewal, and the red blood cell breakdown occurs too quickly
    • also, the rapid breakdown of red blood cells often refers to an intrauterine infection that a mother did not cure before conception or in its early stages
    • the absence of a normal amount of iron, which should come with nutrition both during breastfeeding and artificial (this can happen up to 6 months)



    Low hemoglobin in a child of preschool and school age:
    • with an inadequate diet that provides the necessary vitamins and minerals
    • improper lifestyle (lack of sufficient fresh air, active sports lifestyle) indicates a metabolic disorder
    • large blood loss (both internal and external)
    • violation of red blood cell production (this is due to the absence or deficiency of folic acid or vitamin B12)


    What to do with low hemoglobin depends on the causes of this problem. To find out this, you need to consult a doctor, pass the necessary tests, and a general blood test.


    What is dangerous about low hemoglobin? In addition to the above symptoms, which affect the internal health of a person and appearance, there are some consequences of low hemoglobin, which lead to such diseases:
    • problems with the immune system lead to complications in any disease, even with an ordinary cold
    • low hemoglobin in women during pregnancy can lead to loss of tone and contractile abilities of the uterus, incorrect placenta location, delay or even termination of fetal development
    • the fetus may have problems with the respiratory system, abnormalities in physical or mental development, complete exhaustion of muscles and organs


    What role does iron play in low hemoglobin

    Iron is one of the most important trace elements in the body of any person, which plays a role in the creation of proteins, obtaining oxygen, hemoglobin, and ensuring metabolism. The use of iron for low hemoglobin will help to raise it.


    Hemoglobin and iron

    What to eat with low hemoglobin and how to increase hemoglobin in the blood and replenish iron levels? This can be done using the following types of products:
    • spinach-raw and cooked
    • broccoli, cauliflower or bell pepper
    • oysters, salmon, squid, etc.
    • pumpkin seeds – can be added to salads, bread or rolls
    • sesame and sesame oil are a great option for salads instead of olive oil
    • walnuts

    Important!!! When taking medications that increase iron in the blood, it is necessary to exclude dairy products (milk, sour cream, cottage cheese, fermented milk products), at least do not use them before and after taking drugs for 5 hours.



    Medication for low hemoglobin

    When visiting a qualified specialist, the patient always passes a number of necessary tests to determine the cause of ailments, including a general blood test. Once the causes of low hemoglobin are clear, the doctor prescribes appropriate treatment depending on the age of a patient.


    To sum up, we can say that hemoglobin is one of the most important elements in the life of the body from the very beginning of its development in the womb.

    Its small reduction is easily restored with the help of useful vitamins and minerals in products, but a critical shortage can lead to incorrigible problems that entail not only painful sensations, but also a fatal outcome.

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